Monday, September 23, 2013

Do punishments teach? Does a child need to suffer to learn?

Your child dumps his cereal bowl on the floor.  The four year old knocks down the two year old.  You tell your child he can’t buy something and now he’s screaming at the top of his lungs in the middle of the store.

You find yourself tackling your daughter to get her dressed.  What do all of these things have in common, other than incidents that make you crazy as a parent?  All involve a choice.  How will you respond?
Obviously you want to stop these behaviors and teach your child that this behavior is inappropriate.  The question is does your child have to be miserable to learn these lessons?

In every discipline situation you have a choice to punish or to be an emotion coach and teach. 

Odds are you grew up being punished for these offences.  That’s what you are most accustomed to but does a child or anyone for that matter; really have to experience pain, or shame and guilt to learn?  Answering that question requires knowing the difference between punishment and emotion coaching.

Let’s take a look at the cereal dumped on the floor.  Everyone would agree this is unacceptable behavior and both strategies would move in to stop it.  But how one approaches the child and what one says and does next is different.  

If you’re using punishment the focus is on the child as a “bad person.”

You want the child to know he is being “naughty” and he’s not to do it again.  You might even slap his hand so that “he hurts” and remembers this message, then demand that he get a cloth and help to wipe it up.  After that he might be sent to his room to “think about” his offense.  Or a privilege may be taken away so he’s miserable and learns NOT to do this again.  

It’s true in this approach the inappropriate behavior has been stopped.  Steps have been taken to teach responsibility, both of which are good things.  Too often however, the next morning the same thing happens again because the underlying feeling or need was never addressed.  When the punishment is repeated your child feels angry and hurt and you feel lousy too.  Emotion coaching offers you an alternative to this discouraging cycle.   

An emotion coach would also move in to stop this behavior.   But as she does so she’s not thinking this is a bad child that needs to “hurt” in order to be stopped.

Instead she’s taking a long deep breath to calm herself and changing that self talk to, “My child is experiencing a feeling or need which he does not know how to express appropriately.  I can teach him how.”

As a result her brain is kicking in to the investigative mode.  What is he feeling?  Is he finished, but doesn’t know how to tell me that?  Is he attempting to get my attention?  Is he discovering what happens when you dump a bowl of cereal?  Does he like watching the dog dash into the kitchen and lick it up?  If he’s a toddler did I teach him to throw but forgot to teach him how to hand me something? 

This self talk changes what happens next.  As she reaches her child she does take his hand to stop him from sloshing more milk off the tray or table, but she does not slap it.  Instead she holds it and starts asking questions.  “What’s up?”  “Are you finished?”  “Did you want the dog to come?”  “Do you need mom’s attention?”  She’s watching her child carefully trying to figure out what he’s attempting to communicate by dumping the bowl.  If he’s an older child he’ll be able to tell her.  

That’s when she can then teach by responding.  “Stop, say, “All done.”  And then she invites him to practice saying those words.

She picks up the bowl, hands it to him and says, “Let’s try it, ‘All done.’”  Her child actually repeats the words as he hands her the bowl.  Then she helps him get down, offers him a sponge and together they clean up the mess. When it’s finished she reminds him – next time you are finished.  You say, “All done.”  Not only has the child learned the rules, but he’s also been given words to communicate what he wanted to say so next time he’s finished he can use them instead of dumping his bowl.  

Now all learning takes practice. So the next morning the emotion coach makes a decision to really stay engaged with her child as he eats.  No, checking her e-mail or Facebook account.   This is not easy to do, but she’s making a conscious effort.  

When he shows signs of being almost finished, she reminds him, “When you are done, you can hand mom your bowl and say, ‘All done.’”  She stays tuned in, watching closely.   

If he begins to slide the bowl toward the corner she reaches out her hand to stop it and repeats – “All done” as she removes it from the table.  If he screams insistent that he is not finished she may choose to hand it back to him but…

She concretely sets a limit.  “If I see you push the bowl to the edge of the table – which she points to so she knows he understands what she is talking about – then I will know you are finished and remove your bowl.  You can choose.”  

He looks right at her and very slowly nudges the bowl to the edge.  It teeters there.  He smiles.  And that’s when the emotion coach says, “I see the bowl is touching the edge and that you are choosing to be done.” 

Then she picks it up and takes it away. That’s when he screams.  “I’m not finished.”  And she says, “I’m sorry.  You made a choice.   Next time you can make a different choice.”  He protests, but much less than expected because he’s just discovered, mom takes the bowl when you move it to the edge of the table.  

It was easy for mom to follow through; because she knew he understood what was going to happen. 

  • He had been forewarned.  
  • He was making a choice.  
  • She also wasn’t worried that he’d be too hungry, because in about 2 to 2.5 hours she’d be giving him a “mini meal” snack which would include protein, carbohydrates, fruit/vegetables and a little fat.
So the day goes on.  No one is angry.  No one has been shamed.  Mom is confident she’s taught good manners.  

Her child has learned that mom does what she said she would do.  

  • He can trust her. 
  • The lesson was clear, but not harsh.  
  • No one was hurt physically or emotionally.
Yet he now knows when you are finished, you say, “All done.”  And what happens if you try to “dump cereal” is that the bowl goes away.  Yes it took a few minutes longer the first time but it doesn’t have to be repeated 50 more times with little to no results.  The emotion or need fueling the behavior was addressed. The appropriate words and actions have been learned and most importantly mom and son are still connected, working together.  

No one is angry, because no one is hurt.

So here are a few more examples.  

Emotion coach
Four year old knocks down the 2 year old
Stops behavior
May jerk or grab the 4 year old
Screams stop it or “no”
Sends to time out
Or spanks

Moves in to stop the behavior
Holds 4 year old firmly but not harshly
Asks, “What did you want to tell her?”
Teaches words and actions to use next time she wants to tell her sister that.
Practices with her the words and actions she wants her to use. 

Child screams in the store when told “no”
Spanks the child
Grabs the child and roughly hauls him out of the store
Takes away a privilege or times the child out when they get home
Bends down to the child.
Says, “I’m listening.” “I will help you.” 
Guesses what the child was feeling or needing.   Did you really want that toy?  Does that look like fun?
When the child calms – which he will do because he realizes the adult is trying to understand – a conversation can occur. 
“You would really like that toy. I’m worried about the cost.  What could we do?”

Together they brainstorm possible win/win solutions.
What if we add it to your birthday gift request list?

The next time before entering the store the emotion coach reminds the child that this is not a buying trip.  If he sees something that he likes, he can have mom/dad put it on his birthday list, but they won’t be buying. If he cries in the store, mom will count to three if he has not chosen to stop they will leave.  Then she does it. 

Tackling your daughter to get her dressed
Wrestles the child into an outfit
May slap her hand or bottom
Finds both of them in tears or shouting.
Child removes item parent put on as soon as she is free. 
Stops trying to dress the child.
Instead quietly asks, “What’s up?”
Guesses what the child may be feeling.  Are you sad to be leaving mom – (getting dressed means going to school) 
What could we do?  What if we put these things on and then snuggle and read before we go.
Teaches – next time you are sad to leave mom you can say, “Mom, I’m sad please hold me.” 
Practices those words with her child. 
The next day take time to snuggle before getting dressed. 

Each of these examples demonstrate situations in which a child is experiencing a feeling or need that he does not know how to express appropriately and respectfully.  Think about it.  The child who dumps the cereal – potentially does not know how to say, “No, thank you.  I don’t care for any.”  The four year old may be wishing to say, “I’m not ready to share,” but doesn’t yet have the words.  The child who refuses to take no for an answer doesn’t know you can be a problem solving family and the little one you’re tackling to get dressed, hasn’t figured out yet how to say, “It’s so hard to leave you, mom.”  

Every discipline situation you face rather than requiring a punishment is an opportunity to teach your child what he is feeling or needing and what words and actions may be used to express them more appropriately.

This is called emotion coaching and the research demonstrates that understanding your own emotions and what to do with them as well as being able to read and empathize with the feelings of others is essential for success in life.

If you’d like to have well mannered children, who are more self controlled, cooperative, flexible and competent and be a problem solving family choose to be an emotion coach.  

Thursday, September 5, 2013

Tips for Making an "Exception" to Your Routine

What if you just don’t want to go home for bed or naptime?
It’s just not convenient, you’re having fun and don’t want to stop.
You know if you leave the other adults present will glare at you for catering to your child, and question
        why you have to be so “rigid.”
The predictability of your schedule is beginning to feel like a straight jacket squeezing every drop of
        spontaneity out of your life.

Does it really matter if sleep times move an hour to two?  
Unfortunately, the answer is yes. So think carefully before making an exception. 

Within each of us is a “body clock” which tells us when to sleep and when to be awake.  It runs on a 25 hour cycle so you have to “set it” with regular wake, sleep and meal times, exercise at the “right time” – not before bed and limited exposure to screen time in the evening.

Research demonstrates that even more detrimental to our well being than lack of sleep is an erratic schedule.

That’s because if your child falls asleep at 7:00 PM during the week, but on weekends stays up until 10:00 it’s as though he’s flying from New York to California every weekend.  It creates “jet lag” making it much more difficult for the brain to know when to fall asleep.

It’s true; some children are temperamentally more flexible than others and may seem to tolerate this better than others.  These children of course belong to your friends who are criticizing you for being so “picky” about bedtime.  In reality however, even those children suffer from the effects of jet lag, it’s just not quite as apparent.

So how do you maintain a regular schedule that protects your child’s sleep without losing all spontaneity in your life or being constantly criticized for being too rigid?

First remember that firm is a synonym for rigid and it is a good thing.  It creates for your child
        clear boundaries and a sense of trust. Regardless of their temperament all children instead of finding a
        predictable routine restrictive feel calmed by it.   Unpredictability tends to trigger insecurity.

Secondly, make a plan and be creative – WAIT, before you groan in dismay if you are the type of
        person who feels strangled by schedules and plans let us explain.   In your schedule designate your
        sleep and meal times but BETWEEN those times allow as much flexibility as you please.  So when your         friend calls and asks if you’d like to meet for lunch, which you know will spill over into your child’s
        naptime, you can quickly suggest a breakfast outing instead.  If you have an infant who may be napping
        in the morning why not try a late afternoon stroll to the park.   If there is a choice between weekend  
        and weeknight swim lessons, choose the weekend and eliminate the next morning battles trying to get
        out of bed.

        o Just let the kids know what’s happening in the next hour.  Remember they’re not mind readers
                and while you know what you want to do and what might happen once you get there– they don’t
                – for them, it’s a case of “get in the car – trust me.”  Just be “firm” about your sleep routine in
                order to have a calm day.  The rest can be more flexible.

        o Having a plan also makes it easier to know when to make doctor appointments, sign up for
                activities or classes, or schedule family celebration meals.  Thanksgiving dinner at 4:00 PM
                protects your child’s nap and allows the cook to start the turkey at a reasonable hour instead of
                4:00 AM.  Doing so even protects the adults’ sleep too which puts everyone in a better mood.

Third, spirited children tend to have spirited relatives who do not adapt easily to changes in 
        their plans.   Sometimes exceptions may need to be made.  When that is the case, try this guideline.

  •         Limit “exceptions” to your routine to three times a month.

                  • Vacation and major life events may count as one

  •         Avoid making exceptions for:

                  • Shopping
                  • Staying out with friends
                  • Being at a party and having fun
                  • Getting distracted by the TV or computer and as a result losing track of time
                  • Losing track of time because doing so doesn’t fit your temperament

If we lived in the Netherlands this would all be much easier.  There protecting children’s sleep is a cultural value.  You won’t see children out during nap time or later than the designated 7:00 PM sleep time.  Unfortunately in other areas of the world, we often brag about how little sleep we can get by on, not knowing the costs to our health and well being.

So despite your best efforts there will be times when you have to say, “We’re leaving.”  Knowing full well you’ll be talked about and disparaged for the next two weeks, but this is where you must remember.
If you don’t go your child will fall apart and be the one judged instead of you.  
Be fair to your child; take the “hit.” 

You can handle it more easily than she can.  Focus on your child and her needs.   Be confident in your own decision.  You can offer an apology, but even if it’s not approved of, you have protected your child.